Spinning the IPD Wheels - Moving towards frictionless project delivery
IPD as a project delivery model has become increasingly popular within the construction industry around the globe. However, there is need for more studies of collaborative construction projects in order to establish a common framework for projects that apply collaborative project delivery models. In this paper, we investigate to what extent collaborative projects that are not branded as IPD apply methods and mechanisms that are similar to the characteristic mechanisms for IPD. We show, through a multi-case, study how a simple tool can be used as a common reference to compare a specific collaborative delivery model with mechanisms typically applied in IPD projects. Furthermore, we have developed three IPD wheels to illustrate how project managers can identify where they may encounter friction in their specific projects and suggesting which mechanisms that can be applied to operate more harmoniously and towards frictionless project delivery.